This problem, also referred to as the “sliding window maximum” problem, can be efficiently solved using heaps. We’ve already discussed an O(n) solution.

The Pigeonhole principle is a useful tool that can be applied in various scenarios. Applying this principle, one can perform data integrity checks and make statistical predictions.

Understanding the differences between the Mersenne Twister algorithm and rand() method helps in selecting the appropriate method based on specific programming needs.

“Order Statistics” is a concept discussed in the book “Introduction to Algorithms”. It pertains to finding the ith order statistics of a set of n elements in linear time. ith order statistics is the ith smallest element in a set of n elements.

Dynamic content refers to website content that changes based on user input or other factors. This can include things like personalised recommendations or customised display.

Given a function foo(), that returns an integer between 1 and 5 with equal probability. Write a function using foo() that returns an integer between 1 and 7.

Database replication is usually done to achieve HA (High Availability) and load-sharing purposes. A single member of group is designated as master for a given piece of data and is the only node allowed to modify data.

Mixins help avoid problem caused by multiple inheritance namely, Diamond Problem. Diamond problem is the reason why Java doesn’t support multiple inheritance.