The KMP algorithm improves the efficiency of string searching by utilizing the information gathered from previous character comparisons. It avoids unnecessary character comparisons by exploiting the knowledge of the pattern itself.
Kruskal’s algorithm is one of the popular algorithms used to find an MST in a connected weighted graph. This algorithm is efficient, easy to understand, and guarantees the construction of a minimum-weight spanning tree.
“Order Statistics” is a concept discussed in the book “Introduction to Algorithms”. It pertains to finding the ith order statistics of a set of n elements in linear time. ith order statistics is the ith smallest element in a set of n elements.